Traditionally the transport sections of party manifestos contain commitments to various expensive, long-term public expenditure projects. In the current financial climate it is no surprise that the coalition agreement’s transport section is rather heavy on matters of regulation and bureaucracy and rather light on directly spending money to improve transport.
So we have a promise to “make Network Rail more accountable to its customers”, a commitment to “fair pricing for rail travel”, a move towards “longer rail-franchises in order to give operators the incentive to invest”, a reform of the way “decisions are made on which transport projects to prioritise, so that the benefits of low carbon proposals (including light rail schemes) are fully recognised” and a promise that “we will turn the rail regulator into a powerful passenger champion”.
When it comes to specific projects, the list is rather short even if it starts with a bang: “we will establish a high speed rail network”, “we will support Crossrail and further electrification”, ”we will mandate a national recharging network for electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles”, “we will support sustainable transport initiatives” and “we will work towards the introduction of a new system of HGV road user charging”.
To round it off there are two commitments covering traditional moans from motoring columnists: “we will stop central government funding for new fixed speed cameras and switch to more effective ways of making our roads safer” and “we will tackle rogue private sector wheel clampers”.
The university and further education section has one of the agreement’s ticking political time bombs: student tuition fees. Liberal Democrat conference and the Federal Policy Committee have made very clear their strong support for scrapping them. The agreement only goes as far as to say “We will await Lord Browne’s final report into higher education funding, and will judge its proposals … If the response of the Government to Lord Browne’s report is one that the Liberal Democrats cannot accept, then arrangements will be made to enable Liberal Democrat MPs to abstain in any vote”.
It’s an issue that has already made Ming Campbell talk about rebelling in Parliamentary votes. The situation, however, is still very much up for grabs, with not only Lord Browne’s recommendations yet to appear (and no-one knows what they will be as yet), but also plenty of scope for the Government then to decide which recommendations to accept and in what form. It is far from a done deal that the outcome will be an unpalatable recommendation, Lib Dems abstaining and the measure going through.
Elsewhere in the section we get support for “the creation of apprenticeships, internships, work pairings, and college and workplace training places”, a commitment to “set colleges free from direct state control and abolish many of the further education quangos”, a promise to “review the support for part-time students in terms of loans and fees”, a pledge to publish more information about student courses – including satisfaction scores and subsequent graduate earnings data, and also movement on the controversial research funding arrangements: “we will ensure that public funding mechanisms for university research safeguard its academic integrity”.